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Montana State University Research

Montana State University Bio-Energy Center

2012 Final Report


N/C Quest Inc is proud to have completed and published the final report on the Bio-Agtive Technology. This paper reports the results of the project conducted by Montana State University-Northern Bio-Energy Center in collaboration with , Bio-Agtive of Montana LLC , and N/C Quest Inc over the past couple years.

The objectives of the project are:

- (1) To examine the possibility that different fuels can be used to add key fertilizer ingredients and micronutrients to the soil from tractor exhaust emissions using the Bio-Agtive Emission Technology,

- (2) To use our understanding of the chemical composition of the emissions using farm scale equipment to test the ability of the exhaust emissions to augment or replace fertilizer applications to the fields, and

- (3) To determine which bio-derived and petro diesel fuels work best for stimulating microbiological activity in the soil, and thereby maximizing the availability of essential crop nutrients.

Dr. Karl Ritz (Cranfield University, Great Britain) and Dr. Jill Clapperton suggest that it is most likely that the Bio-Agtive Emissions technology primes the soil microbiology. NO in nanogram (10-9) quantities can stimulate the metabolism of ammonia oxidizing bacteria, and act as an antibiotic to many plant pathogens. For example, if 10% of the emissions were adsorbed to the organic matter, or dissolved in the soil solution there would be the same amount and composition of essential elements as required for a Soil Solutio Equivalent Medium (Angle et al., 1991, Applied Environmental Microbiology 57: 3674-3676.) for soil bacterial growth. After all, microorganisms only need micro amounts of nutrients to grow. Elements such as C, N, O, H , S, and P are required in gram quantities; K, Ca, Mg, Fe are required in milligram quantities (10-3), and Mn, Zn, Co, Ni, Mo, Cu are required in microgram (10-6) to nanogram (10-9) quantities in a liter of soil solution to stimulate the growth of soil bacteria. Exhaust analysis suggests it is possible for exhaust to provide micro and nano gram quantities of these cations.