Biological Stimulant and Nano Carbon Production
Bio-Agtive Emissions Technology is a patented method for utilizing combustion engines to treat soils, seeds, plants, microorganisms and exhaust emissions anytime when an engine is being used for agricultural crops, generators, pumps, irrigation, earth moving, transportation and industrial. The many multiple patents, theories, equipment and utilization that N/C Quest has are to help agriculture economics, food security, emission reductions, responsible agriculture practices and lower energy consumption become viable again. N/C Quest's wants is to inform the general public and agriculture bodies that there IS VALUE to the emissions that you are emitting.
Agriculture is a large consumer of hydrocarbon fuels and fertilizers. The conversions range around 20 calories to produce 1 calorie of food. The use of industrial fixed fertilizers has and will increase yields at a high energy cost. Over use of fertilizers that are high in ammonium or are made with chloride salts causes changes plant uptake: more anions and fewer cations are taken up by the plant.
Over long periods of time this can influence a number of key plant physiological processes such as photosynthesis, and change the pH of the root exudates. Plant root exudates feed much of the soil microorganisms and the chemical composition of the exudates determines the species diversity of the root-associated microbial community. Changes in the species diversity of the microbial community can affect plant health, soil nutrient cycling and mineral nutrient uptake by the plant.
The production system that N/C Quest produces are suited for improving plant growth characteristics of a plant growing medium in agricultural soils. Generally the method involves adding a carbon nanotube seeding material to the fuel of an international combustion engine to produce a fuel mixture which is combusted by the engine in pyrolysis to produce black carbon ultrafine and nano soot in the exhaust emissions which are captured for conditioning such that the nano carbon soot is processed into carbon nanotubes for subsequent delivery to the plant growing medium.
Although the various components of the system can be described in further detail, the overall production system generally includes an agricultural tractor or the like with an internal combustion engine operated by a combustion control system in a pyrolysis air fuel ratio to produce optimum ultra-fine and nano soot black carbon.
The delivery system thus includes the ground disturbing elements and gas injector tubes for injecting the exhaust emissions into soil disturbed by the ground disturbing elements. Alternatively, the carbon nanotubes can be placed in liquid solution and delivered for injection into the ground by liquid tube injectors which augment or replace gas delivery.
The delivery system can further include an enclosure and a mixing element arranged to mix the exhaust emissions with organic matter within the enclosure. Examples include: i) a hood formed by a tarp covering a ground harrow towed by a tractor in which the tractor emissions are used to produce CNT's which are mixed with organic matter from the ground by the tines within the enclosure of the tarp; ii) a mower driven by a combustion engine in which the exhaust of the mower produces CNT's which are mixed with grass clipping in the mower deck; or iii) a tiller in which the exhaust of the tiller motor produces CNT's which are mixed with organic matter in the ground disturbed by the tillage implement within an enclosed hood of the tiller.
In either instance above, the carbon nanotubes are delivered to the plant growing medium by mixing means such as but not limited to tines, shanks, disks, augers conveyors and pumps. This might include delivery of the conditioned emissions stream under a tarp behind a harrow, grass groomer, bio-digesters, composters and algae grow tents in biofuel production.
The emissions stream containing the carbon nanotubes can also be delivered topically to living plants such as grass or algae. The delivery can include injection into a liquid container such as a lagoon or other liquid for subsequent delivery as a liquid solution in spray or irrigation water.