Biological Stimulant and Nano Carbon Production

Bio-Agtive Emissions Technology is a patented method for utilizing combustion engines to treat soils, seeds, plants, microorganisms, and exhaust emissions anytime when an engine is being used for agricultural crops, generators, pumps, irrigation, earth moving, transportation and industrial. Many patents, theories, equipment, and utilization that N/C Quest has are aimed to help agriculture economics, food security, emission reductions, and responsible agriculture practices and to make lower energy consumption viable again. N/C Quest wants to inform the general public and agriculture bodies that there IS VALUE to the emissions that everyone is emitting.

Agriculture is a large consumer of hydrocarbon fuels and fertilizers. The conversions range around 20 calories to produce 1 calorie of food. The use of industrial-fixed fertilizers has increased and will increase yields at a high energy cost. Overuse of fertilizers that are high in ammonium or are made with chloride salts causes changes to the plant uptake: more anions and fewer cations are taken up by the plant.

Over long period of time, this can influence a number of key plant physiological processes, such as photosynthesis, and change the pH of the root exudates. Plant root exudates feed much of the soil microorganisms, and the chemical composition of the exudates determines the species diversity of the root-associated microbial community. Changes in the species diversity of the microbial community can affect plant health, soil nutrient cycling, and mineral nutrient uptake by the plant.

The production system that N/C Quest produces is suited for improving plant growth characteristics of a plant-growing medium in agricultural soils. Generally, the method involves adding a carbon nanotube seeding material to the fuel of an international combustion engine to produce a fuel mixture, which is combusted by the engine in pyrolysis to produce black carbon ultrafine and nano soot in the exhaust emissions. These are captured for conditioning, such that the nano carbon soot is processed into carbon nanotubes for subsequent delivery to the plant-growing medium. 

Although the various components of the system can be described in further detail, the overall production system generally includes an agricultural tractor or the like with an internal combustion engine operated by a combustion control system in a pyrolysis air fuel ratio to produce optimum ultra-fine and nano soot black carbon. 

The delivery system thus includes the ground-disturbing elements and gas injector tubes for injecting the exhaust emissions into soil disturbed by the ground disturbing elements. Alternatively, the carbon nanotubes can be placed in liquid solution and delivered for injection into the ground by liquid tube injectors, which augment or replace gas delivery.

The delivery system can further include an enclosure and a mixing element arranged to mix the exhaust emissions with organic matter within the enclosure. Examples include: i) a hood formed by a tarp covering a ground harrow towed by a tractor in which the tractor emissions are used to produce CNTs, which are mixed with organic matter from the ground by the tines within the enclosure of the tarp; ii) a mower driven by a combustion engine in which the exhaust of the mower produces CNTs, which are mixed with grass clipping in the mower deck; or iii) a tiller in which the exhaust of the tiller motor produces CNTs, which are mixed with organic matter in the ground disturbed by the tillage implement within an enclosed hood of the tiller. 

In any of the instance above, the carbon nanotubes are delivered to the plant-growing medium by mixing means, such as but not limited to tines, shanks, disks, augers conveyors, and pumps. This might include delivery of the conditioned emissions stream under a tarp behind a harrow, grass groomer, bio-digesters, composters, and algae grow tents in biofuel production.

The emissions stream containing the carbon nanotubes can also be delivered typically to living plants such as grass or algae. The delivery can include injection into a liquid container, such as a lagoon or other liquid, for subsequent delivery as a liquid solution in spray or irrigation water.